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Hamilton Population 2022

A census has been conducted in all the provinces of Canada every five years since 1971. According to the Canadian census, the population of Hamilton was 536,920 in 2016, which increased to 569,355 in 2021. This increase denoted a growth rate of 6 per cent.     

Hamilton is a beautiful port city located in the province of Ontario in Canada, close to the city of Toronto. It is the 10th largest city in Canada, and the 5th largest in Ontario.

It is one of the most desirable places to live in Canada, with lots of work opportunities and a low cost of living. It has an area of 1,138.11 sq. km (439.43 sq. miles). 

Growth of Population in Hamilton

A census has been conducted in all the provinces of Canada every five years since 1971. According to the Canadian census, the population of Hamilton was 536,920 in 2016, which increased to 569,355 in 2021. This increase denoted a growth rate of 6 per cent.             

Note that the combined population of Hamilton and its metropolitan areas (including Burlington and Grimsby) was 747,545 in 2016. The population grew to 785,184 in 2021, reporting a growth rate of 5 per cent. 

Hamilton welcomed 11,743 new arrivals in the period 2019 to 2020, bringing the figure of the total population to 807,153. The estimated population for the period 2020 to July 2021 is around 5,375 new arrivals, taking the total to 812,528

Reasons for Growth in Population

The increasing population of this city can be attributed to two main factors: internal and external migration. 

Internal migration refers to the movement of Canadians from one part of Canada to another – often recently this has included movement from larger cities like Toronto to smaller areas like Hamilton. This trend has continued gradually for years but was accelerated by the pandemic. 

Availability of employment opportunities is a major reason why people are moving to Hamilton from different parts of Canada and other countries. With steel and manufacturing industries at the heart of its economy, this city is a lucrative choice for people to establish a career. 

Moreover, comparatively low housing costs are another reason why more people settle in this city. Also, the country has declared Hamilton a sanctuary, a city that protects the status of immigrants. 

Demographics of Hamilton

How Densely Populated is Hamilton?

The population density of Hamilton stands at 480 people per square kilometre. This density is considered low compared to other large cities. 

How Old Are Most People in Hamilton?

Age DistributionPercentage of Population
0-1416.2
15-6466.5
65 and over17.3
85 and over2.6
Average age of the population41.3
Median Age of the Population41.5
Table 1:  Age Distribution of Hamilton, Statistics of Canada 2016

The table above, sourced from Canada Census 2016, shows that most people in Hamilton are between the ages of 15 and 64. Youth below the age of 15 make up 16.2 per cent of the population, while 17.3 per cent of the population comprises citizens aged 65 and above.

What are the Most Common Religions in Hamilton?

After analysing the Canada Census, Christians as the largest religious group in Hamilton, constituting 67.6 per cent of the population. 24.9 per cent of the population do not identify with any religion, while 3.7 per cent are Muslims. Moreover, 0.9 per cent of the population affiliate themselves with Buddhism, and 0.8 per cent are Sikhs. Hindus constitute 0.8 per cent of the total population, and 0.7 per cent are Jews. 

How Ethnically Diverse is Hamilton?

Here is a table of different ethnicities and cultural groups in Hamilton. European Canadian remain by far the largest group, followed by visible minorities and aboriginal groups.

GroupPopulation%
European Canadian415,73578.7%
Visible Minority100,06019.0%
Aboriginal12,1352.3%
Ethnicity in Hamilton, 2016

This table shows that South Asians are the largest visible minority in Hamilton, followed by Blacks, Arabs, Latin Americans, Filipinos, Southeast Asians, and West Asians.

GroupPopulation%
South Asian22,1054.2%
Black20,2453.8%
Filipino8,1501.5%
Arab10,3302%
Latin American8,4251.6%
Filipino8,1501.5%
Southeast Asian6,5051.2%
West Asian4,8000.9%
Other Visible Minority5,6801.1%
Multiple Visible Minority3,7450.7%
Visible Minority Group Distribution of Hamilton, 2016 Canada census.

This table shows that First Nations are the largest aboriginal group in Hamilton, followed by Métis, then Inuit.

GroupPopulation%
First Nations8,4451.6%
Métis3,0850.6%
Inuit125<0.1%
Other aboriginal2900.1%
Multiple aboriginal185<0.1%